Marijuana decriminalization and legalization are quickly growing across the U.S. Recreational marijuana is decriminalized in the majority of states across the country. Texas is one of 13 states where recreational use is still entirely prohibited. Texas allows for very precise concessions under which a person can possess and use this substance. For instance, by law, medical marijuana is legal in Texas for select medical conditions. Growing and possession of the hemp plant are legal as well.
Understanding the Difference Between Cannabis, Marijuana, Hemp, and CBD
The distinction between these terms is an important part of understanding marijuana and its legality. Hemp and marijuana are both different varieties of the Cannabis sativa plant. They simply contain different amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is a cannabinoid — a natural compound found in the cannabis plant. It’s the main psychoactive ingredient in cannabis. For a cannabis plant to be considered hemp, it must contain a maximum of 0.3% THC. Any more than that and it is classified as marijuana. Hemp is largely legal to grow and to own. However, barring for select medical reasons, marijuana is not legal in Texas.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is another cannabinoid. It’s non-psychoactive and is even thought to be anti-psychoactive, potentially helping to moderate some of the effects of THC. It’s legal to sell, own, and use CBD products in Texas as long as their THC concentration is less than 0.3 percent. This is intended to prevent the potentially overwhelming effects of cannabis and limit its overconsumption. CBD products can be sold over the counter in Texas without a prescription.
Hemp Legalization in Texas
The legalization of hemp in Texas is recent. In June 2019, the state passed laws creating a statewide industrial hemp program. Basically, this recognized hemp as a different plant from marijuana. The change in law prompted state crime labs and prosecutors to drop hundreds of pending marijuana charges and decline to pursue new ones. They’ve cited a lack of resources to determine the exact THC content in a substance as the reason behind this new approach.
This has created an interesting situation when it comes to the use of cannabis products for medicinal purposes. The law makes medical marijuana legal in Texas but highly restricts its usage. Hemp products, on the other hand, such as CBD and Delta-8, can be freely bought as long as they meet the 0.3% THC requirement. In fact, the CBD market has exploded in Texas since 2019. You can find it everywhere, including in stores as tinctures and topicals and cafes as CBD-infused coffee and smoothies. Even spas are advertising CBD therapies and massages. However, keep in mind that not all CBD products are created equal; independent lab testing is crucial to ensuring the safety, efficacy, and consistency of products.
However, without a medical prescription, it is illegal to own and use any non-hemp-derived products that contain THC. Gummies are a legal form of medical marijuana in Texas with a prescription, but possessing any of these for recreational purposes could lead to prosecution.
Legality of Medical Marijuana in Texas
The Texas Compassionate Use Act, passed in 2015, allows physician-approved use of marijuana for medical purposes for specific medical conditions. This list of conditions was further expanded in September 2021. At the moment, medical marijuana is legal in Texas for the following conditions:
- Parkinson’s Disease
- Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
- All forms of cancer
- Nerve Damage
- Huntington’s Disease
- Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
- Degenerative Disk Disease
- Huntington’s Disease
- Incurable Neurodegenerative Diseases
- Alzheimer’s Disease
- Cerebral Palsy
Broadly speaking, marijuana can be administered in a number of ways, including smoking, vaping, and ingesting it. However, only edible medical marijuana products are legal in Texas.
Under Texas state law, medical marijuana can only be prescribed by a board-certified physician registered with the Compassionate Use Registry of Texas (CURT). In order to be eligible for it, a patient must be a Texas resident with a qualifying medical condition. The physician will create a CURT profile for the patient with their diagnosis and prescription, allowing the patient to easily purchase medical marijuana online or by phone from any Texas dispensary. The patient will also receive a written letter of approval should they be confronted by law enforcement. For eligible Texans, the process for obtaining medical marijuana is easy with Texas 420 Doctors.
How Does Texas Compare to Other States?
In Texas, marijuana is only legal for medical reasons, but it’s interesting to view it in the context of laws in other states. Recreational marijuana is entirely legal in 18 states across the country as well as in the District of Columbia. Another 19 have decriminalized it to a certain extent. While many of these state laws don’t permit marijuana, prosecutors will not file criminal charges. Instead, offenders are subject to civil penalties, such as fines.
Texas is one of the states where it’s still completely illegal to use marijuana recreationally. Prosecutors are allowed to press criminal charges for recreational use, which typically amount to misdemeanors for small quantities. Penalties can include fines of over $1000 and possible jail time.
The outlook is brighter when it comes to medical cannabis. Barring a few outliers, medical marijuana is legal in Texas and most states across the country. Some states limit it to CBD with varying concentrations of THC.
While the hemp law has certainly helped, law enforcement agencies in Texas counties are increasingly taking a more liberal approach to marijuana prosecution. Many state prosecutors across the political spectrum are declining to pursue low-level marijuana possession charges. In June 2019, the Texas Department of Public Safety instructed its officers to issue citations instead of arrests in misdemeanor possession cases. Counties like Dallas, Harris, Bexar, and Nueces had stopped arresting first-time offenders found with smaller amounts of marijuana even before June of 2019.
As for its citizens, there is a groundswell of support for making medical marijuana legal in Texas. According to a University of Texas poll, some 60 percent in the state believe marijuana should be legalized in small amounts or any amount.
Qualify for Medical Cannabis in Under 60 Seconds with Texas 420 Doctors
Finding out if you’re eligible and procuring medical marijuana in Texas can be a bit of a maze, especially if you’re attempting it for the first time. With Texas 420 Doctors, you can qualify in under a minute. Book an appointment with a board-certified, CURT-registered physician to get evaluated for access to legal medical marijuana in Texas. Follow our blog for more resources and news regarding medical marijuana laws in Texas.